Common Symptoms of Norovirus
Thiruvananthapuram: A day after Norovirus infection was confirmed in some 13 students of a veterinary college in Pookode in Wayanad district; Kerala’s Health Minister Veena George on Friday asked people to be vigilant and issued guidelines for the same.
The Health Minister directed to intensify preventive activities and to spread awareness about the disease.
Minister said “currently there is no cause for concern but everyone should be vigilant. Activities include super chlorination are underway. Drinking water sources need to be ensured to be hygienic”
“With proper prevention and treatment, the disease can be cured quickly. Therefore, everyone should be aware of the disease and its means of prevention” she added.
What is Norovirus?
Norovirus is a group of viruses that cause gastrointestinal illness. The virus causes inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines, as well as severe vomiting and diarrhea. Norovirus is a small, spherical virus that causes food poisoning. The viruses are classified into five groups according to their genetics and it is group I and II that infects humans. It is very contagious; 10 to 100 virus particles are enough to cause an infection.
What are the first symptoms of Norovirus infection?
Common signs of Norovirus infection include vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach cramping. Less common symptoms can include low-grade fever or chills, headache, and muscle aches. Symptoms usually begin 1 to 2 days after ingesting the virus, but appear as early as 12 hours after exposure.
How Norovirus Spreads?
Noroirus is spread through the excrement and vomit of an infected person. A human being may be infected getting tiny particles or feces or vomit from an infected person in his/her mouth. Direct contact with an infected person may cause transmission of the virus. Therefore, it is essential to be careful as the virus spreads very quickly.
Is Norovirus fatal?
Norovirus does not significantly affect healthy people. But, it can be serious in young children, the elderly, and those with other comorbidities. The virus infection usually clears up within a few days and is not life-threatening for healthy people.
Are there any treatments for Norovirus infection?
There are no specific treatments for norovirus infection. But it is important that infected people stay well hydrated.